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澳大利亚温室气体排放量降至22年来的最低水平

文章来源:中国石油网碳交易网2020-09-03 07:43

    据IANS 8月31日堪培拉报道,澳大利亚政府周一发布最新消息称,受疫情限制,澳大利亚温室气体排放量降至22年来的最低水平。
 
    根据政府发布的《国家温室气体清单》更新报告,澳大利亚2019- 20财年温室气体排放量预计为5.18亿吨。
 
    这是澳大利亚自1998年以来的最低排放量。
 
    最大降幅出现在4至6月,也就是澳大利亚Covid-19大流行的高峰期,当时的排放量较2019年同期减少1000万吨。
 
    排放量降幅最大的是运输部门。
 
    航空燃料消耗量下降了79%,汽油消耗量下降了26.7%。
 
    能源与减排部长Angus Taylor表示,对旅行采取的非持续性Covid-19限制"大幅减少了排放"。
 
    他在一份声明中说:“随着Covid-19限制措施对整体经济的影响,排放量已如预期减少了。”
 
    由于可再生能源使用量的增加,电力排放量降了4.2%。
 
    农业排放下降了5.5%,这主要是由于干旱对牲畜种群的影响。
 
    数据还证实,截至今年3月,澳大利亚的排放量较2005年水平下降14.3%。
 
    根据《巴黎气候协定》,澳大利亚政府已承诺到2030年将排放量在2005年基础上减少26%至28%。
 
    沈韩晔 摘译自 IANS
 
    原文如下:
 
    Australia's carbon emissions fall to 22-year low
 
    Australia's greenhouse gas emissions have fallen to a 22-year low as a result of Covid-19 restrictions, the government revealed in a new update on Monday.
 
    According to the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory update released by the government, emissions of greenhouse gases in Australia are estimated to be 518 million tonnes in the 2019-20 financial year.
 
    It is Australia's lowest emissions output since 1998.
 
    The biggest fall came between April and June, the height of the Covid-19 pandemic in Australia, when emissions were 10 million tonnes lower than in the same period in 2019.
 
    The biggest drops in emissions were in the transport sector.
 
    Aviation fuel consumption was down 79 per cent and petrol consumption down 26.7 per cent.
 
    Angus Taylor, minister for Energy and Emissions Reduction, said that the unsustainable Covid-19 restrictions on travel "substantially reduced emissions".
 
    "With the impacts of Covid-19 restrictions being felt across the economy, emissions have reduced as expected," he said in a statement.
 
    Emissions from electricity fell 4.2 per cent as a result of an increased usage of renewable sources of energy.
 
    Agriculture emissions were down 5.5 percent largely due to the drought's impact on livestock populations.
 
    The data also confirmed that Australia's emissions in the year to March were 14.3 percent below 2005 levels.
 
    The Australian government has committed to reducing emissions by 26 per cent to 28 per cent from 2005 levels by 2030 under the Paris climate agreement.

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